Medill Database Opens With a Geography Lesson

medililMapA year and a half after calling for cases to build a database of shaken baby syndrome accusations, the Medill Justice Project has published a thin slice of its data, in conjunction with its analysis of how cases are distributed across the country. The view into the database is very narrow, but the county-by-county searches can be fascinating.

As Lauryn Schroeder writes on Medill’s SBS site, the rates of reported baby-shaking vary widely across the country. She offers a map of SBS hot spots and examines the situations in the states and counties with the highest concentrations, which seem to this reader to correlate with regional child-protection strategies that encourage police and hospitals to work together. The county that prosecuted immigrant father Hang Bin Li last year, for example, makes Schroeder’s list:

Queens County, N.Y., which lies southeast of Manhattan, has the 10th largest population by county in the United States and ranks third in the nation for total number of shaken-baby syndrome cases. After adjusting for population, it ranks 36th in cases by county per 100,000 people. Experts said the Queens County District Attorney’s Office is nationally known for aggressively prosecuting shaken-baby syndrome cases. The office also co-sponsors an annual conference with the county medical examiner’s office on abusive head trauma that invites medical and legal professionals nationwide to learn about the diagnosis, investigation and prosecution of these cases.

“A poor investigation doesn’t help anyone,” said Queens County Senior Assistant District Attorney Leigh Bishop. “I wouldn’t have a job if there was just a formula to prosecuting these cases. They’re all different.”

Two of the four counties with the nation’s highest rates of reported shakings lie adjacent to each other in Nebraska, where state law mandates multidisciplinary teams that include police, social services, and medical professionals for investigating child abuse. Schroeder quotes a prosecutor in Sarpy County, just south of Omaha, who explained that the different agencies on the team “review the cases together and if they need help they assist each other… [The law] added continuity and consistency in the area instead of having multiple agencies try and tackle a problem independently.”

medillBars

For a readable image, see the Medill web site: http://www.medilljusticeproject.org/2013/12/10/hot-spots/

Medill has posted only the barest data about each case:  the sex of the presumed perpetrator, the state, and the county. I tried searching my own county, which is reported to have had a population of 1.84 million in 2012. The Medill database, available directly at http://www.medilljusticeproject.org/visualization/, lists four cases.

Tipped off by Schroeder, I then searched on Queens County, with a reported population of 2.27 million in 2012. Medill lists 28 cases in Queens, literally seven times as many as in my county, for a population not quite twice the size.

When I searched for Middlesex County, Massachusetts, where Louise Woodward was prosecuted in 1997, with a 2012 population of 1.54 million, just a little smaller than my 4-case county, Medill reported 18 cases—and Middlesex didn’t even make the cut for the story.

It’s hard to know, of course, how accurately the Medill numbers reflect the true incidence of SBS reports, given the lack of any national mechanism for tracking them, but the students seem to be doing a reasonable job, as reported in this posting last February.

The introduction to the database invites us in:

The Medill Justice Project hopes the public will use this database to better understand this largely opaque issue, which affects families throughout the nation. The information may be used for independent research and reporting as long as The Medill Justice Project’s database is credited.

The data now available reflect the information the project has reported on  so far: A posting in August revealed that men are much more likely to be accused of shaking infants than women:  http://www.medilljusticeproject.org/2013/08/27/the-gender-gap/  I’m hoping the students will make additional fields visible as they complete future analyses.

The Medill Justice Project is still soliciting cases:  If you have a case that is unlikely to be in their database, you can contact them at medilljusticeproject@northwestern.edu.

7 Comments

Filed under abusive head trauma, AHT, SBS, shaken baby syndrome, Uncategorized

7 responses to “Medill Database Opens With a Geography Lesson

  1. Edward Willey

    Is there any way to compare the distribution of child abuse Pediatricians to the cases of SBS? I hypothesize there is substantial correspondence. Child abuse Pediatricians are the ones who make the diagnosis.

    One substantial deviation may be Bexar County Texas. There the long term medical examiner, Vincent DiMaio MD , told law enforcement SBS did not exist so they did not pursue confessions to support that diagnosis. Bexar is a very large county. I assume it will be a conspicuous deviation from statistical normality.

    • Good point, Dr. Willey.
      I just did a quick search and saw 11 cases from Bexar County, Texas, in the Medill database. The students are collecting all cases of abusive head trauma, however, not just pure shaking cases, even though the project is called the shaken baby database—much as the Innocence Network shaken baby interest group deals with all cases of abusive head trauma, I suppose.

  2. wonderful posting, Sue.  Thank you. 

      Lynda J Jones 562-271-7048 (CA)

    CHEMISTRY IS FUN!!!!! chembyrd@yahoo.com Lynda@Sing-Smart.com

    ________________________________

  3. Hi Sue,

    Thanks for this blog post. There is one correction in the Schroeder’s list, Queens County in NYC is actually situated Northeast of Manhattan (not Southeast, because Southeast of Manhattan = Brooklyn). Another thing unique about Queens County is that, there is a higher concentration of recent immigrants from the most diverse countries in the world. Even Brooklyn doesn’t have this “bragging” right regarding the “Most diverse foreign immigrants” title.

    Of course, recent foreign immigrants are easy “punching bags” for prosecutors and police to do their bullying – because most recent immigrants have little money to find good lawyers to defend them. It also doesn’t help that Queens County has two female pitbull who are considered the most aggressive SBS prosecutors in the US – Leigh Bishop and her boss Marjory Fisher. Both Bishop and Fisher are fairly well-known in the pro-SBS world.

    Even the judge, Richard Buchter, at Queens County court, holds negative views on SBS defendants based on a long list of prior cases he presided – news media reported that Buchter threw the book or used very harsh words on quite a long list of convicted SBS defendents at their sentencing day. I don’t believe the SBS cases in Queens County just happened to be “randomly” drawn and selected judge Richard Buchter on majority of SBS cases in that County.

    For “weird” statistical reasons, judge Richard Buchter just happens to handle a disproportionately large amount of SBS cases that are prosecuted by Leigh Bishop and Marjory Fisher. It’s as though Judge Buchter just dived right into a lot of SBS cases.

    Anna.

  4. Pingback: Are There Geographic “Hotspots” for Shaking Babies? Shaken Baby Syndrome. | Wrongful Convictions Blog

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s